St. Henry was born to the Duke of Bavaria and his wife in 972. He succeeded as Duke of Bavaria at the age of 23, and seven years later became the elected emperor. Henry was not happy about becoming emperor, but in 1014 he visited Rome and received the imperial crown. He was a responsible monarch whose passion for justice was equal to his religious zeal. Together with his wife, he established many pious foundations, supporting many churches and monasteries and making provisions to bring relief to the poor.